Food Processing And Preservation Techniques
Food processing is the physical or chemical process of transformation of raw ingredients into Food. It is the process of producing raw food ingredients into marketable food products which can be easily prepared and used by the consumers. Food Processing includes preparing space food for consumption under zero gravity as it is the easy and best procedure to keep the processed food for long time like canned and frozen fruits and vegetables, Foods fortified with nutrients such as fiber, vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids. Safety is a major concern in food processing, because packaged food can be contaminated easily and due to increase in contamination. Food processing must be balanced with the food preservation. Food preservation involves preventing the growth of bacteria, fungi and microorganisms as well as retarding the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity thus promoting longer shelf life and reduced hazard from eating the food. It includes drying, refrigeration, freezing, vacuum packing etc.